Georgian Architecture is mainly represented by the numerous churches. Laconism and simplicity of forms, efficient design, harmonious proportions, delicate ornamentation and a perfect harmony with the surrounding landscape are the peculiarities of the Georgian architecture.
The main types of churches are basilica and the central-dome church. The most ancient basilicas, built in the 4th-6th cc. as a continuation of the traditions of Byzantium , Syria and Asia Minor are Bolnisi Sioni (5th c), Anchiskhati and Urbnisi (6th c). The central-dome design became predominant in the 6th c, and reached the climax of its development in the 11th-12th cc- Svetistskhoveli, Bagrati, Alaverdi.
The versatile folk architecture is also worth of mentioning here. Two main types of dwellings - Darbazi, a cylindrical dwelling with a crown-shaped dome (“gvirgvini”), characteristic for eastern Georgia, and Oda Sakhli - wide-spread in western Georgia. Fortresses and defense towers are peculiar for mountainous regions.
For those, who are interested to get familiar with Georgian architecture, but are short of time to visit the regions, we would recommend visiting the towns of Tbilisi and Mtskheta, and the Open Air Museum of Ethnography, where buildings from different regions of the country are displayed.